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The Law Leave Mosque At Adzan

Including ethics in the mosque is not out after the call to prayer, unless there is excuse, because leaving the mosque means to turn away from the purpose of calling prayer, which is required to come and be present in the mosque to perform the prayers.

In addition, in order to exit the mosque does not lead to things that can interfere or be late for congregational prayers.

Narrated from Abu Hurayrah, the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu 'alaihi wasallam) said:

"When the prayer of prayer is uttered, the devil passes by farting, so as not to hear the call to prayer." (Narrated by Al-Bukhari: 583 and Muslim 389)

Ibn Baththal says, "The prohibition of the mosque after the call to prayer, almost the same as the meaning of the above hadith, that is so as not to resemble a demon that ran while listening to the call to prayer. Wallâhu a'lam. "(Syarh Shahîh Al-Bukhari, Ibn Baththal, II / 235, Fathul Bâry, II / 87).

Narrated from Abu Sya'tsa, he said, "Once we sat in the mosque with Abu Hurairah, then muezzin echoes call and there is someone who then left the mosque. Abu Hurairah looked at the man until he came out of the mosque, then said, 'Truly, that person has disobeyed Abu Qasim sallallaahu' alaihi wasallam ', "(Muslim and so on Read A'lâmul Muwaqqi'in, III / 160)

This history is legally marfu '(sanadnya up to the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wasallam), can be made hujah, the verdict of obedience or maksiat for all things only apply based on sharia making nash. A companion can not be sure of that, unless he has his knowledge, since the narrations of Abu Hurairah are mentioned, he says, "The Messenger of Allaah sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said," No one heard the call to prayer in my mosque and then came out except for a need, Then not come back, other than the hypocrites', "(HR Thabrani in Al-Mu'jam Al-Awsath, IV / 501-502)

After mentioning the hadith of Abu Hurairah adi above, At-Tirmidhi stated, "This is the practice of ahlul ilmi from the shahabat circle of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam and afterwards. After the call to prayer, no one should leave the mosque unless there is an excuse, for example for wudu or urgent need. "(Jāmi 'At-Tirmidhi, I / 608)

For those who came out of the mosque for the syar'i, such as for wudhu, for example, there is a proposition which permits it, as mentioned in the hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah, "Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam exit the mosque after iqamat prayer echoed and after shaf-shaf straight, after him Was in the place of prayer, we waited for him to bertakbir, but he passed and said, 'Stay where you are,' We waited for how long, after which he came with water-splashing hair; He was bathed '. "(Narrated by Al-Bukhari, 613) and Muslim; 605)

Exit the mosque after the call to prayer is also allowed for the imam in another mosque, to convey a lesson or lecture, because this is the syyar syar'i, including in the exclusion of the need nash.

Narrated from Uthman ibn Affan a, he said, "The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: 'Whoever arrives at the mosque then comes out for a need without wishing to return, he is a hypocrite'" (Ibn Majah, I / 123 validated Albani in Shahîh At-Targhîb, I / 179)

Narrated from Sa'id bin Musayyib, the Prophet said, "No one came out of the mosque after the call to prayer, but the hypocrites, other than the one who went out for a necessity, and he desired to return." (Narrated by Abu Dawud in Al-Marâsîl , P. 82, al-Albani's alleged in Shahîh At-Targhîb; I / 179)

That is, such actions are the actions of the hypocrites, because true believers are not like that. Thus, the nifaq here is nifaq amali (related to deeds not infidels), not nifaq i'tiqadi (related to aqidah which can cause infidels).

Wallâhu a'lam bis shawab!

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